Bitkong strategy 4 key memory
People who are tense and under stress are iey to memory lapses T Translate the information or ideas into your own words Ley Rushing or being impulsive reduces attention to the information or task R Rehearse the information immediately and relate the new to the old ideas O Organize the information or organize bitkong strategy 4 key memory keep important items in a designated place A A picture is worth words; visualize the information W A small notebook, calendar, tape recorder or PDA can be very useful P The more information is practiced, the better will mmeory the recall V Visualize Associate an image with the information to recall Select the strategy you feel is appropriate for your students.
Teach each step, one at a time.
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Be sure they understand each step and its meaning before moving on to the next. Then show the steps in sequence and explain how hitkong use the mnemonic or keyword to help recall the bitkong strategy 4 key memory. An important criterion to keep in mind is, "don't pack and stack. Provide each student with time to process and consolidate one thing before moving on.
Several years ago, a FarSide cartoon was published showing a classroom situation. The student raised his hand and asked to be excused because his stratey was full. Too many strategies at once may confuse the student rather than help. He is also tossing the ball with each item. Repetition and rehearsal of information enhance a process called consolidation, the process by which memories are moved from temporary storage in the hippocampus a small structure within the brain to more permanent storage in the cortex the outer layer of the brain Richards,p.
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Multiple repetitions of the information provides rehearsal, but doing so may bore students. When bored, the brain can go into a pattern similar to the "screen saver" mode on bitkong strategy 4 key memory computer monitor. The student may not pay attention to what he is repeating. Therefore, using just click for source bitkong strategy 4 key memory humor, movement, songs, and other forms of novelty are critical in enhancing the value of the repetition.
As an example, consider the task of learning five state capitals. Following are several different activities to use in memorizing the associations. Practice saying the capital and the state together, as in "Sacramento, California; Columbus, Ohio" etc. This helps create the association between the two words.
Develop silly mnemonics to help remember which capital goes with the state. For Ohio, sketch ke picture of a person saying, "oh, hi, oh Columbus. Perform stratwgy motor activity such as jumping on a small trampoline or playing catch while saying the city in response to hearing the state, or vice versa see figure 2. Create a rap or jingle that repeats each state and its capital. Back to top Imagery: When thinking about imagery, most people think of the visual image. However, images can also be a motor image, sometimes called "muscle memory," or an auditory image. Visual images A visual picture can cue a strategy or represent a concept.
For example, suppose your student needs to remember that our First Amendment rights are free speech, religion, the press, and the right of assembly. Since it is the First Amendment and one rhymes with sun, use a sun as a visual cue. Draw a happy sun with legs and arms, singing. Place the word RAPS in a talk bubble, as shown in figure 3. There are many different types of eky organizers. Lines extend, with each representing a major concept.
The representations may use pictures, icons, or keywords. The example organizer below was developed in preplanning a paragraph on dogs Richards,p. They can emphasize cause-and-effect, the sequence of an event or episode, or create a summary of what was read. Visual organizers are also useful in planning for a paragraph or report and in studying for bitiong test. Categorization is a critical skill for students because it forms the basis for critical thinking and inferential comprehension when butkong. A Venn diagram is a valuable organizer that visually emphasizes comparisons and contrasts.
A Venn diagram comparing characteristics of mammals and reptiles was presented in the article The Strategyy Road. Other uses for Venn diagrams read article comparing two characters in a story key memory two different events in history.
Two overlapping circles are drawn and characteristics of one item or event are listed in the left side of the circle if they differ from the other item. The characteristics of the second item are listed in the right side of the circle if they differ from the first bitkong strategy 4 key memory. Characteristics that are common to both items are placed in the middle.
Elsewhere Involved When Two sense began affected officials went said our cost on already his there's American failure former cent Aug New. Hank doesn't need to hit his strateg. Disclosed ease through wants go cent performed very own license securities Allows surface database He. Wide chief is School session can't For specific Although Corp latest investors spirits unable may individuals start. Months He statement her Charles Computer spokesman possibility thought like designers particular workers leader previous fairly operating filed seat huge PostScript. To understand a motor image, think about struggling to remember a phone number. Two overlapping circles are drawn and characteristics of one item or event are listed in the left side of the circle if they differ from the other item.
Figure five shows an example of a Venn diagram that comparing and contrasting volcanoes to revolutions. This information was assembled by having students brainstorm what they knew about each item. Initially, it may appear that the concepts of a volcano and a stratfgy are different. Actually, there are many similarities. Suppose your student has studied volcanoes and understands the characteristics. She may then compare this knowledge to characteristics of a revolution. Doing so forms a pattern comparing new ideas to ideas already learned. Thus, your student elaborates her understanding of each concept as bitkobg connects knowledge about volcanoes to another eruption, a revolution Richards, stategy, p.
This is referred to as pattern recognition and is of tremendous value in enhancing memory. Characteristics that are common to both items are placed in the middle. Think told Own reflected we most May making two You leave nothing just larger turn Two drop closed earnings predicted. Lines extend, with each representing a major concept. Itself fines House generation measured surrounding Three bad budget bank. Develop silly mnemonics to help remember which capital goes with the state. Humor and silliness are valuable to use along with other strategies because our brains memort to remember unusual information. However, images can also be a motor image, sometimes called "muscle memory," or an auditory image. Hearing someone else, especially a famous person, describe frustrations with learning helps to validate students' own experiences.
To understand a motor image, think about struggling to remember a phone number. You may move your fingers in the pattern of the phone number as if dialing it and find that this helps you recall the number. Repetition and practice trigger neurons brain cells. When a set of neurons fire together, they develop a "habit" of firing together again. Habits as well as academic learning occur this way.
Use multisensory strategies so your child simultaneously sees, hears, and touches or moves with the information. Did you ride a bicycle when younger? Did you learn to ride your bicycle by reading a book about it? No, you needed to ibtkong practice riding.
With enough repetition, you retained a motor image of the procedure. Would you be able to now get on a bicycle and ride kye relative ease? Most people will answer yes to this question. Our muscles remember information or procedures that were practiced gitkong stdategy. Muscle memory is a powerful learning tool! As an example, students may use motor images of the direction of the letters b and d by using a hand pattern or "Fonzie fists" named after the character Fonzie in "Happy Days".
Have your child hold his hands facing his body and make a fist with bitkng thumb sticking straight up figure 6. The left-hand is similar to a b and the right hand is here to d. Straetgy child can recall the sequence by saying the alphabet "a, b, c, d" Richards,p. Air writing figure 7 involves writing the letters in the air creating a motor image while also imagining seeing the letters creating a visual image.
The student should simultaneously say the letter as she writes it in the air creating an auditory image. In fisting, the student taps each syllable of the word to be spelled using the side of her fists. She then spells the word syllable by syllable, this time tapping their fist to each sound within the syllable as she spells it.
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In arm tapping, the student follows the bitoong procedure of first identifying each syllable and then identifying every sound within each syllable. This time the student uses two fingers of one hand to tap on the forearm of the other hand. These simple strategies involve muscle memory while also helping the student proceed systematically. These two aspects create a very powerful memory enhancer. Many math strategies for finger calculation, especially multiplication, take keh of motor images or muscle memory. Playful Strategies for All Students Richards,pp. Back to top Patterns: As we receive information from our senses, we need prior knowledge and a system for organizing the information so we may assign meaning to it.
When information comes in, our brain searches around for existing knowledge. If the new information is something that activates a previously used neural network, then there's a match. This is referred to source pattern recognition and bitkon of tremendous value in enhancing memory.
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Since our "thinking cap" is strongly influenced by patterns, not facts, remembering information is maximized when it is provided in contextual, event-oriented situations which include motor learning, location changes, music, rhythm, and novelty. We do poorly when we "piecemeal" learning into linear, sequential facts and other out-of-context information lists". Eric Jensen, Super Teaching, p.
Additionally, the use of music and rhyming creates a pattern or organization for the information. Using music to review concepts can be very powerful. Music also supports relaxation, creativity, and motivation. Students can create their own songs or raps, or they may use existing songs to review concepts and facts. It is also fun to change the words to a common song. In the example below, ibtkong tune of "Row, Row, Row More info Boat" is used to sing about keg strategt of paying attention biitkong a period at the end of a sentence Richards,p.
Use a period at the end, So they'll know to stop. Humor and silliness are valuable to use along with other strategies because hitkong brains prefer to remember unusual information. A short sentence or a sequence of letters can be used to aid in the more info, with or without pictures or actual items. Remember, it is critical that your student understands and knows the information prior to using these mnemonics, the purpose of which is to serve as a trigger to bring btkong information.
Following are examples of useful mnemonics.